BURSA

City is established under the name of Prusa between B.C. 229-182 by Bithynia King I. Prusias and it is named as Bursa within elapsed time. City, which is captured by Romans in B.C. 74, is conquered by Ottomans in 1326 and becames capital city in 1335. City, located in the foothill of Uludağ, is endowed with important architectural structures in the Ottoman period. There are many Works, belonging to Ottoman period, in the city. A social complex, composed of mosque, madrasah, hamam and hospital, is constructed during the reign of Yildirim Bayezit in 1399 in the place, where is called “Yildirim Hill” nowadays; and also Ulu Mosque, which is the first and biggest mosque of Ottomans, is constructed in 1396-1400 years during the reign of Yildirim Bayezit. There are mosque and madrasah within the social complex, constructed by architect Hacı İvaz Pasha by the order of Celebi Mehmet in 1419 in Yesil location. Madrasah serves as Ethnography Museum nowadays. Yesil Tomb (1421), belonging to Sultan Celebi Mehmet and constructed in 1421, is located next to the mosque. There are mosque, madrasah, hamam, soup kitchen and tomb within the social complex, constructed by the order of Sultan II. Murat in Muradiye location. There are 12 tombs, in which dynasty members are buried, in the courtyard of the mosque.

Tombs of Ottoman sultans Osman Bey(1299-1324) and Orhan Bey(1324-1362) are situated within the park in Tophane. I. Murat Hüdavendigar Mosque and Madrasah are located in Çekirge location, which is famous with the thermal springs. Furthermore, Tomb of Sultan I. Murat, who is martyred by a Serbian in the battle area in 1389, is also located here. Moreover,  Ottoman House, Ataturk Kiosk, Archeological Museum and Uludağ, which is skiing center, are some of the visition places in Bursa.

Where is Çırağan Palace? How to get to Çırağan Palace?

Çırağan Palace was built in 1834. this palace is one of the first representatives of neoclassical style added to Istanbul landscape. It is almost the symbol of the vast reforms of Mahmut II. The architecture of the palace was very different from that of the Bosphorus at that time.  We can say that it is contrary to its age.  We only have some definitions and engravings for this. The main part standing in the center and the long side wings attached to it in two directions show the composition of Çırağan Palace.

The structure in the middle, olumned entrances, triangular pediments and details represents French architecture of its age. Many of the palaces and churches of Paris are reflected here in the Ottoman palace.

The central building with modern lines and the traditional wooden parts on the side connect the old and the new. The old Çırağan palace is undoubtedly the best example of the Ottoman waterside palace practice.

Breakfast Prices in Çırağan Palace Restaurant

Breakfast at the Çırağan Palace is between 12:00 and 16:00 every Sunday. The price of breakfast per person is TL 195. There is a 50% discount for children aged 6-11 and it is free for 0-5 aged children. There are mascot-accompanying play rooms for children.

Wedding Ceremony Costs at Çırağan Palace

The wedding prices in the palace are quite high. For special days, the meal for a person is TL 600. Selected materials for the wedding cost between 20 thousand and 300 thousand Turkish Liras.

Where is Çırağan Palace? How to get Çırağan Palace?

The Çırağan Palace is located on the Çırağan Street of Beşiktaş district of Istanbul. It is possible to reach Çırağan by IETT buses from Beşiktaş, Kabataş, Taksim and Sarıyer. At the same time you can reach Çırağan with a short walk from Ortaköy, Kuruçeşme, Beşiktaş.

Where is Fatih Grove, Otağtepe Grove? How to get Fatih Grove?

We strongly recommend you to visit the Otagtepe Grove with a unique view for weekend excursion.  I can say that you can see the Bosphorus view clearly and impressively.  Otagtepe is not a very crowded place. If you go there with your private car, a paid car park is available. Parking Entrance fee is TL 10. There are several mini ponds, miniature bridges and a few balconies to take a fresh breathe.
You do not need to make preparation because there is not a cafe to drink something and an area to have a picnic. Since the city center is very close to you, you can drink your tea and have your breakfast or lunch in the city center. Then you can take a few photos to immortalize the moment in the scenery. As I said, there are a few scenic places and they are wonderful. We went with intention of taking omly one photo and we took about 350 pictures.

Where is Galata Tower? How to go to Galata Tower?

The Galata tower was built in the B.C 6th century. The Galata tower was originally built as a sea lantern but the it was used for  a number of different purposes. The height from the ground to the tip of the roof is 69.90 meters. The wall thickness is 3.75 m, the inside diameter is 8.95 m and the outside diameter is 16.45 meters. According to the static calculations, the weight of Galata Tower is about 10,000 tons. The thick body was made of untreated rubble.

Galata tower is one of the most important places in Istanbul so it is a must see place.  The tower is quite spectacular. It is one of the most visited places by tourists in Turkey.

Galata Tower Legends

Galata tower has 2 legends. According to the beliefs of the Romans, “If a man and a woman in Galata tower come together for the first time together, they will get married” But if one of them had gone out on their own before, this charm broke down. Another legend is the love of the Maiden’s Tower and the Galata Tower to each other. It is said that the couple challenged centuries because of their feelings towards each other.

What is most worrying about the Galata tower is what is in it. There is a restaurant in it.

Galata Tower Visitor Times & Restaurant

You can visit the tower every day of the week from 09:00 to 19:00. The 9th floor of the tower is used as a restaurant and cafe. If you want to go on your special day, do not forget to make a reservation.

Where is Galta Tower?  How to get to Galata Tower? Contact Information

By private car: From Tarlabaşı road to Taksim you can reach Galata Tower sign on the left side.

By bus: Take public transport to Taksim. Go to the end of Istiklal Caddesi. You can reach the tower by going down 500 meters.

By subway: Take the Yenikapı / Hacıosman Route and get off at Şişhane stop.

Addres: Bereketzade Mh. Büyük Hendek Caddesi, No: 2, Galata / Beyoğlu / İstanbul

Contact:  (0212) 293 81 80

Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, How to get Grand Bazaar, Where is the Grand Bazaar

The Grand Bazaar is in the center of the Istanbul city, in the middle of the Beyazit, Nuruosmaniye and Mercan districts. It is one of the world’s largest and oldest Grand bazaars in the world. The Grand Bazaar has about 4,000 shops and the total number of employees in these stores is approximately 25,000. During the busy hours of the day, it is said that half a million people are in the market. The bazaar welcomes 91 million tourists a year so it is one of thet most visited tourist attraction in the world.

Who built Grand Bazaar?

Construction of the Grand Bazaar started in 1461. It was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet.  The width of all shops was built eqıilly. There  were masters of different products as a group in each street.  Rivalry between sellers is strictly prohibited. A master even could not process his product by bringing his stand to the front of the shop and show it to people. The price of the products could not be set higher than the state determined.

The largest covered bazaar in the world, Grand Bazaar has a wide range of products such as Turkish delight, woodwork, accessories and ornaments, herbal teas, historical products, silver and gold treatments, and clothing products. There are post offices and banks in the bazaar.

The number of daily visitors of this world famous market is approximately 300.000 people.  Another characteristic of this bazaar is the fact that people from all religions and nations live together in tolerance and work together. The bazaar, which has been damaged by disasters such as fire and earthquake throughout its history, gained its present appearance in the early 19th century.

Grand Bazaar Visit Information

Addres: Fındıklı Mah. Petrol Street. No:4, 34854 İstanbul

Transportation: You can reach here by bus and tram going to Beyazit.

Visiting Days and Hours: Monday – Saturday is open between 09:00 – 19:00. Official holidays and Sundays are closed.

Suleymaniye Mosque

Süleymaniye Mosque was built by Mimar Sinan in Suleymaniye region of Istanbul Eminönü after the request of Sultan Suleiman of Kaununi between 1551-1558. Mimar Sinan built this mosque at the age of 85. There are libraries, Turkish bathrooms, madrasah and shop around the mosque.

Architectural Properties of Suleymaniye Mosque

Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important works and examples of the Ottoman period architecture. Despite the fact that there have been hundreds of earthquakes in Istanbul for centuries, there is not a single crack on the Süleymaniye Mosque. The dome has 53m height  and 27.5m diameter. This large dome was reinforced with a half-dome as it was in Hagia Sophia.

There are minarets on the four corners of the mosque’s garden.  The dimensions of minarets are different from each other. 32 windows have been opened in the main dome of the glass to provide the best illumination according to the calculations of Mimar Sinan.

There are 28 porticoes around the courtyard of the mosque. There is a shadirvan (a group of faucets in order to take ablution before praying) in the middle of the courtyard of the mosque. There is a treasure where Süleyman the Magnificent and his wife Hürrem Sultan are in.

Suleymaniye complex consists of 15 sections. Madrasah, dükkan and dans were  also built by Mimar Sinan. Lots of students studies medicine, physics and chemistry in the madrasahs in the complex

How to Go to Süleymaniye Mosque?

Süleymaniye Mosque is in the Süleymaniye Quarter where it gives its name, namely within the borders of Fatih.

With a private car: Firstly, go straight ahead to Eminönü from Galata Bridge, turn right at the bridg Then Turn left at the lights in front of Istanbul Commerce University. From there, you can easily reach Suleymaniye by following the signs.

Alternative: Take the Kabatas – Bağcılar Tram Line to Laleli-University Stop, have a short walk from there.

Anatolian Fortress

Anadolu Hisarı was built by Yıldırım Bayezid in 1395 in the narrowest part of Istanbul Bosphorus. It was built to seize the Istanbul Bosphorus and safely carry the army to the opposite shore in a war that may happen near the Rumeli.

The fortress on the outer side is the fortification wall. Its east-west diameter is 65 m, north-south diameter is 80 m. The thickness of the walls is between 2 m-5m.

There are mangas on the walls. In order to preserve the fortress, three cylindrical towers were built on the wall.

Places to eat in Anatolian Fortress

There are restaurants and cafes around Anatolian Fortress. We can give some examples among them. Some of them are Göksu Cafe, Big Chefs, Dere Balık, Göksu Marina, Pregio. Göksu Creek and Küçüksu Kasrı are at the beginning of the places you should definitely see when you come here.

Where is Anadolu Hisari? How get to Anatolian Fortress

Anatolian Fortress is in Beykoz which is one of the Istanbul’s districts.

Bus Lines for Anadolu Hisarı transportation

 

11H: Ortaçeşme – Ümraniye

15P: Soğuksu Mahallesi – Üsküda

15T: Tokatköy – Üsküdar

15ŞN: Şenesenevler – Üsküdar

15: Beykoz – Üsküdar

15F: Beykoz – Kadıköy

15KC: Çavuşbaşı – Üsküdar

Camlica Hill

Camlıca Hill is the name given to the two highest hills of Istanbul. It is divided into two areas as  small and large Camlica Hills, Here is  one of the beautiful places to enjoy the city view in Istanbul. Büyük Çamlıca (Big Camlica) has gren areas and restaurants, cafes which are usually run by the municipality. Kucuk Camlica (Small Çamlıca) has a grove where Topkapı Pavilions, Cihannüma Pavilions and Sofa Pavilions are located. You can spend nice time with your friends in the cafeterias and also you can eat delicious food in various restaurants which are also located on the small Camlica Hill.

Buyuk Camlica Hill is about 262 meters high from the sea. TV transmitters, Nurbaba Tekkesi, restaurants, cafes and social facilities are the most attractive places in this region.

Camlica Hill Breakfast Prices

On Büyük Camlica Hill there are many facilities such as the social facilities, cafes and restaurants run by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. We can guarantee you will enjoy great breakfast in front of the magnificent view.I would like to remind you that Çamlıca hill is one of the most popular places in Istanbul and you have to make a reservation before.

Pricing:  You can learn the accurate pricing by calling because it can change from the restaurants to restaurants. But in my opinion, the most average price you can give is around TL50.

Where is Camlica Hill?

Addres: Kısıklı Mah. Çamlıca T., 34398 Üsküdar İstanbul

Camlica Hill is located in the Üsküdar District of the Anatolian side of Istanbul. When you arrive Üsküdar you can get off at Çamlıca stop by using bus lines numbered 11A, 11D, 11E, 11F, 11G, 11K, 11L, 11P, 11ST, 11V, 11Y, 11US, 320, 9A, 9Ç, 9UD and 9Ş. You may have to walk up the hill after getting off the bus.

Camlica Hill Car Parking Fee

Paid parking is available on Camlica Hill. There are also area where you can park your car free on the sides of the road. As far as I remember, It costs TL 10 for two hours.

Places to see on Camlica Hill

İBB Çamlıca Social Facilities

Kaserol Eating House

Ora Steak & Burgers

Fresh  Beef Burger & Steak

Desde Café ve Restaurant & Yusuf İzzettin Paşa Köşkü

Where is Japanese Garden? How to get Japanese Garden?

Even Most of people in Istanbul do not know where Japanese Garden. It is definetely a place to must see. Even the wedding pictures can be taken in the garden.

A Japanese Garden was built in Baltaliman, Istanbul because the fact that the year 2003 is declared as the Turkish year in Japan.

The plants and designs used in Japanese gardens were also used here. Japanese garden design is shown in the garden with bridges, waterfalls and pond. 4850 trees and plants used in the garden offer a natural beauty worth seeing. The garden also has a view of the Bosporus. Due to the presence of Shimonoseki Bosphorus in the sister city, the entrance door was made by inspiring both the Bosphorus and the Shimonoseki Bosphorus.

Japanese Garden Visiting Hours

Winter  – 09:00 17:00

Summer –  07:00 19:30

How do you get to the Japanese Garden? Where is Japanese Garden?

By bus:

From Levent: The last stop of the minibuses going towards Baltalımanı.

»  (40 – 40T – 42T) buses and get off at Baltalimanı Hospital.
»(22 – 22RE – 25E) buses and get off at Baltalımanı Hospital.

Address: Opposite the Devlet Kemik Hastanesi  (State Bone Hospital) Sarıyer, Istanbul

Geographical Position of Turkey

GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF TURKEY

 

Turkey territories, located between 36 – 42 Northern parallels and 26 – 45 Eastern meridians in the northern hemisphere, is situated on Asian and European continents. Turkey territories, located in Asian continent, are called Anatolia and its territories, located in European continent, are called Thrace. Anatolia is a Greek Word and means “eastern country”, “the place where sun rises”. Furthermore , Anatolia was called  “Asia Minor” in the antique age. Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits and Sea of Marmara divide territories of the country into two parts. Moreover, three sides of the country are surrounded with Black Sea, Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Its surface area is 776 723 square kilometers and population of the country is about 72 millions.

It is a mosaic with folk, composed of various ethnical origin people such as Turkish, Kurdish, Armenian, Greek, Arabian, Bosnian, Georgian, Laz, Circassian, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Chechen etc. Although vast majority of peoples are Muslim, there are also people, believing in Christian and Jewish religion. Its capital city is Ankara. Republic of Turkey is a democratic, laic, social law state.

It is bordered with Georgia, Armenia, Nakhichevan(Azerbaijan) and Iran in the east; Syria and Iraq in the south; Greece and Bulgaria countries in the West.

Turkey is divided into seven geographical regions. Marmara Region, located on two continents, is a region which has moderate altitudes in terms of surface features. It has productive lowlands such as Bursa, Sakarya, Ergene. Sun flower, olive, tobacco, grape, rice, corn, are the means of living for people. Region is the most developed region of Turkey in terms of economy.

Its climate is hot and arid in summer and mild and rainy in winter. Mountains run perpendicular to the sea in Aegean Region and shores are very recessed and protrusive. Bakırçayı, Gediz, Küçük Menderes and Büyük Menderes rivers irrigate the productive lowlands, on which they pass. Grape, fig, cotton, olive, tobacco, are the means of living for people. Region’s climate is hot and arid in summer and mild rainy in winter.

Taurus Mountains, located in the Mediterrannean Region, run parallel to the sea; there are productive lowlands such as Antalya, Çukurova and Amik. Its climate is hot and arid in summer and mild and rainy in winter. Its vegetation cover is composed of maquis and forests. Cotton, citrus fruits, banana, and vegetable production are the means of living of people. Greenhousing is very developed.

Antalya and its surroundings are in the position of tourism center.

Central Anatolia Region is covered with steppes. Agriculture and animal breeding are the means of living of people.

Kızılırmak, the longest river of Turkey, reaches to Black Sea archly within the region. Konya lowland, which is the biggest lowland and wheat silo of Turkey, and Salt Lake, which is the second biggest lake, are located in this region. This region is moderate mountainy and its climate is hot and arid in summer and cold in winter and it has a continental climate.

Northern Anatolian Mountains, located in Black Sea Region, run parallel to the sea. There are productive Çarşamba and Bafra lowlands in the coasts, where Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers reach to the sea. Eastern Black Sea Region is usually rainy in every season. Mountains are covered  with forests.

Tea, corn, hazelnut, tobacco are the means of living of people.

Eastern Anatolia Region is the mountainiest region of the country and is composed of high mountains and plateaus.

Mount Ararat, the highest mountain of Turkey and Lake Van, the biggest lake, are located in this region. Fırat and Dicle Rivers go out from this region and reach to the sea outside boundaries of the country. Its climate is hot in summer and cold in winter and it has a continental climate.

Agriculture and animal breeding are the means of living of people. Agriculture and animal breeding are the means of living of people in Southeastern Anatolia Region, which is the Region of Dams. Wheat, lentil, cotton, pistachio, grape are the main agricultural products. Main oil reservoirs of Turkey are located in this region. This region is moderate moutainy and its climate is hot in summer and cold in winter.

 

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