Mr. Osman Hamdi gets Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i (Fine Arts Academy) constructed in 1883 and the structure has two floors. It is arranged as museum between 1917-1919 and 1932-1935 years. Museum is closed for public visits in 1963 and its internal locations are modernized and it is opened for public visits again in 1974. Arabian Works Before Islam, Egypt Works, Mesopotamia Works, Anatolia Works are exhibited in the top floors of the museum. Tablet of Kadesh Peace and Friendship Agreement, which is made between Hittites and Egyptians in B.C. 1269 and is the first “peace and friendship” agreement in the history, is present in this museum. There is a rich “tablet archive”, composed of about 75 000 tablets with cuneiform script in the museum. Ground floor of the museum is used as old art depot and Office.