City is established under the name of Prusa between B.C. 229-182 by Bithynia King I. Prusias and it is named as Bursa within elapsed time. City, which is captured by Romans in B.C. 74, is conquered by Ottomans in 1326 and becames capital city in 1335. City, located in the foothill of Uludağ, is endowed with important architectural structures in the Ottoman period. There are many Works, belonging to Ottoman period, in the city. A social complex, composed of mosque, madrasah, hamam and hospital, is constructed during the reign of Yildirim Bayezit in 1399 in the place, where is called “Yildirim Hill” nowadays; and also Ulu Mosque, which is the first and biggest mosque of Ottomans, is constructed in 1396-1400 years during the reign of Yildirim Bayezit. There are mosque and madrasah within the social complex, constructed by architect Hacı İvaz Pasha by the order of Celebi Mehmet in 1419 in Yesil location. Madrasah serves as Ethnography Museum nowadays. Yesil Tomb (1421), belonging to Sultan Celebi Mehmet and constructed in 1421, is located next to the mosque. There are mosque, madrasah, hamam, soup kitchen and tomb within the social complex, constructed by the order of Sultan II. Murat in Muradiye location. There are 12 tombs, in which dynasty members are buried, in the courtyard of the mosque.
Tombs of Ottoman sultans Osman Bey(1299-1324) and Orhan Bey(1324-1362) are situated within the park in Tophane. I. Murat Hüdavendigar Mosque and Madrasah are located in Çekirge location, which is famous with the thermal springs. Furthermore, Tomb of Sultan I. Murat, who is martyred by a Serbian in the battle area in 1389, is also located here. Moreover, Ottoman House, Ataturk Kiosk, Archeological Museum and Uludağ, which is skiing center, are some of the visition places in Bursa.